Roam If You Want To (But Not if You're a Bear)

Freedom to Roam jpg copy
This map, scanned from Patagonia’s latest catalog, details a grizzly’s 50-mile journey, which in the world of a bear, isn’t even really that far of a trip- they’ve been known to travel 500 miles or more as part of their natural movements.

“For many wild animals, to roam means to survive.” I can relate. I’ve lived all over the world, and feel the deep desire, seemingly necessary to my well-being, to travel to far-off lands (or at least a couple states over) on a regular basis. For people, it’s easy to get around; we just have to choose the method. Car, plane, bike, train, snowboard, rollerblades, or feet?

Us humans are even guaranteed the Right to Roam in many countries. Animals? Not so much.

Since our furry brethern don’t have such rights, there is less land for them as we expand over the landscape. Not only less land overall, but the land that is so munificently set aside by us humans is usually fragmented, conserved in chunks separated from eachother by highways and roads, fences galore, angry humans, and housing developments.

Big animals need big spaces. If territories are balkanized by highways, energy development and housing, the long-term survival of large mammals – as well as the multitude of smaller creatures connected to them – is jeopardized. Imagine it this way: As writer David Quammen has noted, if you cut a beautiful, handwoven Turkish rug into 36 pieces, you don’t end up with 36 Turkish rugs. You have instead 36 worthless remnants.

If you’re a large animal like a bear, moose, or wolf, you’re screwed. Even though you need to roam- to migrate, find new food sources, to find new mates to increase your line’s genetic hardiness…in short, to survive and propagate- you are faced with being run over by a semi or shot for being in the wrong place at the wrong time. Just for doing what comes naturally to you.

But there IS a solution. Greenways, or wildlife corridors are recognized by conservation biologists as a means by which animals can move from one protected piece of land to another, letting the animals do their thing, with the added bonus of keeping them out of our garbage. I love bears, but I don’t really want to come face-to-face with them in my yard, I must admit.

Roam T

Freedom to Roam is a partnership of conservations organizations, recreation groups and companies dedicated to establishing migration corridors between protected areas. Patagonia is supporting the organization with the sale of these organic t-shirts, above.

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About Starre Vartan
Starre Vartan is editor-in-chief of Eco-Chick.com and the author of the Eco-Chick Guide to Life.

3 Comments

  1. Starre,

    It’s an interesting image, the idea of directing a bear down a “corridor”… I suppose the corridor wouldn’t look like the kind I have a work: beige walls, fluorescent lights, industrial carpet, white-shirt workers holding coffeemugs and stacks of files.

    Part of this issues has to do with a form of human overpopulation… not just of the number of humans, but the way we overpopulated. The way we exercise OUR freedom, by consuming space. The limited version of human life is that we take up space for what we need, without acknowledging that other species impact what we need, directly or indirectly.

    I am curious to see how long it will take before Americans a) actually realize this… and by actually I mean the bulk of the average Americans, and b) find a workaround for our current consumer lifestyle, including suburban subdivisions and HUGE homes.

    Not in our lifetimes, I fear.

    Elizabeth

  2. Elizabeth,

    Years ago, I worked for an animal advocacy organization, and wrote about greenways or wildlife corridors there. In Europe, they have been creating and using these for about 30-40 years with GREAT success. These corridors are basically just undeveloped land cutting between natural spaces, and animals choose them pretty much instinctively over trying to move through human-populated areas. There aren’t herders or anything! We are way behind in the US with this idea, and this group is trying to get the idea out there.

    But I agree with you on the overpopulation issue, for sure! I’ve written about it here and try to bring it up as much as possible in conversations, but it is a difficult topic, partially because many of the population groups have (rightly) been accused of xenophobia in the past due to their being fronts for anti-immigrant politics.

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